Different Types of Reports

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SMEs also provided Partner reports in addition to our research regarding the general format required by government and regulatory agencies.

Figure 7 provides the standard Railroad Commission of Texas report with field names and general outline of production data on a monthly basis. Oil condensate is measured in whole barrels. Gas production is measured in millions of cubic feet. This report is a sample of how the Operator would report to the regulatory agency (in this case, the state of Texas).

Figure 7. A sample Railroad Commission of Texas Operator report for the production data with fields in the first column.

Figure 8a, 8b, 8c, and 8d show an example of daily data report from Devon.
Williamson is the lease name; this is usually based on the name of the leasor or the person who owns rights to the land, and 24 is the well number.

Figure 8a. Sample Daily Data Report (A-N).

• Column A represents the Allocation Date for two months (from 10/1/2008 to 11/30/2008).
• Column B represents the quantity of oil. It is measured in Barrels Oil per Day (BOPD). Barrels Per Day (bpd, bopd, or b/d), in production terms, the number of barrels of oil produced from a well over a 24 hour period. Reconciles from sales/check meter.
• Column C represents the quantity of gas measured. It is measured in thousand cubic feet per day (MCFPD).
• Column D represents amount of water produced per day. It is measured in barrels of water per day (BWPD).
• Column E represents the amount of fluid produced. It is measures in barrels of fluid measured per day (BFPD). Column E = Column B+ Column D
• Column F represents lift gas in MCFPD. (It is for gas lift wells, i.e. injecting gas to lift oil. This column is empty since this is not a gas well so no data about gas lift.)
• Column G is WC (Water Cut). This is the ratio of water produced to volume of total liquid produced (i.e. Volume id Column D divided by Column E).
• Column H is oil cut. This is the ratio of oil produced to volume of total liquid produced.
• Column I represents Flowing Tubing Pressure (FTP) in Pounds per Square Inch Absolute (PSIA).
• Column J represents Shut in Tubing Pressure (SITP) in PSIA.
• Column K represents CP (Casing Pressure)
• Column L represents Choke 64th (i.e. a measure of the choke on the well).
• Column M represents FBHP (Flowing Bottom Hole Pressure) in PSIA.
• Column N represents SIBHP (Shut In Bottom Hole Pressure) in PSIA.

Figure 8b. Sample Daily Data Report (M-AA).

• Column O represents Hours on (not clear).
• Column P represents Downtime (i.e. gives the reason for downtime).
• Column Q represents injected water volume in BWPD.
• Column R represents GOR (Gas Oil Ratio).
• Column S represents BCMM (barrels of condensate per million) (column B/(C/1000)).
• Column T represents BWMM (barrels of water per million).
• Column U represents GLR (Gas Liquids Ratio). This is the ratio of produced gas to produced liquids (oil and water).
• Column V represents Injected Gas Volume in MCFPD.
• Column W represents Gravity.
• Column X represents Natural Gas Liquid (NGL) in Barrels of Liquid per Day (BLPD).
• Column Y represents FTP (Flowing Tubing Pressure) 2 (which represents the second tubing string where pressure occurs) (PSIA).
• Column Z represents Inter. CP (Intermediate Casing Pressure) (PSIA).
• Column AA represents Surf. CP (Surface Casing Pressure) (PSIA).

Figure 8c. Sample Daily Data Report (AB-AJ).

• Column AB represents Liner CP (Liner Casing Pressure) (PSIA).
• Column AC represents British Thermal Unit (BTU) factor.
• Column AD represents Gas volume in Million British Thermal Unit (MMBTU).
• Column AE represents injected volume of gas in Million British Thermal Unit (MMBTU).
• Column AF represents Injected volume of CO2 in MCFPD.
• Column AG represents temperature in degree Fahrenheit, which is the temperature in the well bore (used for offshore not onshore).
• Column AH represents Press. Base (PSIA) (not clear).
• Column AI represents downtime in hours.
• Column AJ represents status of the well. The status is active completion.

Figure 8d. Sample Daily Data Report (AK onwards).

• Column AK represents method. All are FLOWING INTERMITTANT, which is a type of production method such as pumping, flowing, or etc.
• Column AL represents Bottom Hole Temperature in degree Fahrenheit.
• Column AM represents Gauge Depth in MD ft (Measured Depth in feet).

Figure 9 is a report of production and sales from the Operator to the Partner company for the month of September 2004. Field names are in the first column. State oil API number, gas lease number, and number of days are included next. The production of oil and gas figures is given.
This report is a record of the monthly production of the Operator’s company called Raw Oil & Gas, Inc. located in Lubbock, Texas. The report provides details about the production for the month of August, 2008 and is a regulatory report sent to the Railroad Commission of Texas. The report has been created by an Administrative Assistant.

Figure 9. Sample Monthly Production Report distributed to Partner: Produced from ProCount HydroCarbon Accounting System displaying allocated data.

Page 1 & 2:
• Columns 1-4 show field and well details, exactly as they are on RRC records.
* Column 1 contains Field Name and Lease Name. MEANS is the field name.
* Sight For Sore Eyes # 1 – lease name
* Hair of the Dog – lease name
* Block A-34 Carm-Ann (San Andres) UMGAWA – Legal location
* Column 2 indicates whether it is an oil well, gas well, or a well whose operations are pending. These are oil wells since they have an “O” symbol.
* Column 3 are RRC Identifiers can be Lease numbers, Gas IDs, Drill Permits, or API numbers.
* Column 4 shows Commingling Permit number (used if you are producing from different zones) or LSE Total
• Columns 5-9 shows monthly totals for Oil/Condensate in whole barrels.
* Column 5 indicates on hand, end of month (i.e. the oil obtained at the end of the month).
* Column 6 shows total monthly production
* Column 7 and 8 shows disposition volume and code (not clear)
* Column 9 shows on hand, end of month (i.e. the oil obtained at the end of the month).
• Columns 10-12 show monthly totals for gas wells in mcf (million cubic feet).
* Column 10 shows formation production

A more real-time view of field data on production is provided in Figure 10. A more in-depth view of oil, gas, water, water injection, and CO2 injection values are displayed on a graph that represents production for 180 days. Downtime (in hours) is also plotted on a graph. In addition, daily production information is tabulated for the wells with a previous seven day average included.

Figure 10. Provided by SME Appendix B-#2. Sample Graphical Production Report available to Partner via Portal over Internet: Produced from Carte System

• This report was created out of a spreadsheet, which is usually sent out everyday.
• It represents a combination of raw data (measurements), well productions, meter information, and etc.
• This report is typically sent to the Vice President of Division, Director of Production, and Director of Operations.
• These types of reports are automatically generated by scheduler programs with incremental date/time ranges, which have email addresses stored in them for prompt distribution.
• Such reports can be pushed or pulled by the Partner. That is, some Partners want reports to be delivered later (pull), while others prefer them to be sent instantaneously (pushed). Reports that are pulled involve being transmitted by mail/post, email (i.e. they are pulled from a particular folder/data warehouse, web interface, back end database, or etc.).
• The 1st section of the report talks about crude oil production. It also gives information about fuel gas, sales gas – how much of this gas was lifted, consumed, and flared.
• The 2nd section of the report deals with stocks, different production fields, and summation of battery information in volumes of tanks.
• Page 2 of the report discusses well details: pressure, daily injection, and etc.
• Page 3 is a journal of the current day’s production and activities; some data is varied slightly and reported again.
• Page 4 is a domestic report. It is the result of a reporting engine/crystal reports, etc. It contains the names of wells the Partner is interested in. It contains the data from American Petroleum Institute (API). Its notation is as follows:
o 1st two digits (from the left) indicate the state, such as Texas
o Next 3 digits indicate the county
o Next 5 digits indicate the location
o Next 2 digits indicate the original well completion/subsequent well completion
• This domestic report contains the number of days the well was on, wells’ inventory, how much it sold, and etc.
• When Partners receive such reports, they usually rekey the information in their own systems since there is no universal methodology to document all this information.
• Regulatory Reporting: Government bodies and regulatory agencies require regulatory reporting based on how much was sold, injected, well locations, and etc. They require inspection reports, well test results, tax information, oil production, gas production, and amount of gas sold. Gulf of Mexico reports to Mineral Management Services (MMS) and state agencies, LDNR, and Texas Railroad Commission.

Figure 11 depicts a Partner billing operation by the Operators obtained from Devon.
Authorization for Expenditure (AFE) is sent by the Operator to the working interest Partners. It has details of the expenditure for all the operation performed on the field. The purpose of an Authorization for Expenditure (AFE) is to ensure that expenditures are approved by the appropriate authorities. AFE history has the well number. It is located in a field. The objective for the AFE history is development, drilling, and completion of the well. It also has the AFE number, AFE amount, and date range.
• Column 1 represents the date on which the operation was performed.
• Column 2 represents:

  1. Name of the operation performed – Drilling & Completion
  2. MD (Measured Depth) in feet and TVD (Total Vertical Depth) in feet. This depth needs to be reported because the spud is started (i.e. the drilling process has started; hence, the depth of drillbit is recorded).
  3. Daily Cost for that particular operation
  4. Mud weight in pound per gallon (ppg), which involves monitoring mud weight to check pressure
  5. Mud Vi (viscosity)
  6. Cumulative cost for that particular operation
Figure 11. AFE history is displayed in a sample report to outline the formatting used to list expenses to be billed to the Partners by the Operators.

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